HowTo One Liners

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Revision as of 09:54, 31 July 2019 by Paul Blankenbaker (talk | contribs) (Added rmsshhost function)
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This page provides a quick reference to common One Liner administrative command line operations.

Get Syntax Color In Less

The NST includes the source-highlight package which can "smartly" apply color to a wide variety of file formats. You can set some less environment variables to make use of the source-hightlight package to color code files in your terminal with the following settings:

export LESSOPEN="| source-highlight --out-format=esc -o STDOUT -i %s 2>/dev/null"; export LESS=" -R "

Then try something like:

less /usr/share/nstwui/apps/arp-scan/arp-scan.js
less /usr/bin/

Unfortunately, source-highlight only works by filename extensions (it won't try to guess the input format based on the contents of the file).

Find The Largest Files Within A File System

This example finds the 10 largest files, descending sorted, using the "/var" top level directory:

[root@vortex wui]# find /var -printf '%s %p\n' | sort -nr | head -10;
29956694633 /var/named/chroot/var/named/data/default_debug.log
182947840 /var/lib/rpm/Packages
134217728 /var/log/journal/597d443ff603490286135ca186ed9c7d/system@f9cb0e593f6c413d8fdfaa88bd1c9f42-00000000000b1d98-0005092323239c17.journal
125829120 /var/log/journal/597d443ff603490286135ca186ed9c7d/system@f9cb0e593f6c413d8fdfaa88bd1c9f42-000000000008eadb-000506c496be90cb.journal
125829120 /var/log/journal/597d443ff603490286135ca186ed9c7d/system@f9cb0e593f6c413d8fdfaa88bd1c9f42-00000000000251f3-0004f57678d900a6.journal
125829120 /var/log/journal/597d443ff603490286135ca186ed9c7d/system@f9cb0e593f6c413d8fdfaa88bd1c9f42-0000000000000001-0004f10922bc1e86.journal
95967232 /var/cache/yum/x86_64/20/fedora/gen/primary_db.sqlite
83886080 /var/log/journal/597d443ff603490286135ca186ed9c7d/system@f9cb0e593f6c413d8fdfaa88bd1c9f42-0000000000077d06-00050460486ab015.journal
75497472 /var/log/journal/597d443ff603490286135ca186ed9c7d/system@f9cb0e593f6c413d8fdfaa88bd1c9f42-000000000004d2bc-0004fbc9efdbc627.journal
64720632 /var/lib/clamav/main.cvd

Remove Incorrect Host Key from ~/.ssh/known_hosts (Delete 1 Line from File)

The sed command can be very useful when you want to remove a specific line from a file. For example, the following command can be used to remove line 12 out of the file: ~/.ssh/known_hosts.

 sed -i -e 12d ~/.ssh/known_hosts

Alternatively, you can add a rmsshhost function to your ~/.bash_profile:

 rmsshhost() {
   sed -i -e ${1:-999999999}d ${2:-~/.ssh/known_hosts};

This is particularly useful in situations where ssh host keys are expected to change. For example, depending on which micro SD card is loaded on a Beagle Bone Black, it's host key might change. The following demonstrates the output from ssh when it detects this change in the host key (note how it reports the problem line as 54). The sed command is then used to quickly remove the old key.

taco:~ pkb$ ssh salsa-e
Someone could be eavesdropping on you right now (man-in-the-middle attack)!
It is also possible that a host key has just been changed.
The fingerprint for the RSA key sent by the remote host is
Please contact your system administrator.
Add correct host key in /Users/pkb/.ssh/known_hosts to get rid of this message.
Offending RSA key in /Users/pkb/.ssh/known_hosts:54
Password authentication is disabled to avoid man-in-the-middle attacks.
Keyboard-interactive authentication is disabled to avoid man-in-the-middle attacks.
Agent forwarding is disabled to avoid man-in-the-middle attacks.
X11 forwarding is disabled to avoid man-in-the-middle attacks.
Debian GNU/Linux 7 Debian Image 2015-03-01


default username:password is [debian:temppwd]

Permission denied (publickey,password).
(reverse-i-search)`se': cd release/
taco:~ pkb$ sed -i -e 54d ~/.ssh/known_hosts
taco:~ pkb$

Or, if using the rmsshhost function, you can remove line 54 using the following command:

rmsshhost 54

Find File Differences in Two Directories

This one is handy when you have two directories (DIRA and DIRB) with a similar set of files and you want to determine if any of the files in DIRB are different than the files in DIRA. As an example, if you are looking for differences in your CSS files under the css directory (DIRA) with the css files in the 1.1.7 release found at ../1.1.7/css (DIRB).

[root@rice 1.1.4]# find css -type f | wc -l 
[root@rice 1.1.4]# find css -type f | while read src; do cmp ${src} ../1.1.7/${src}; done
css/site.css ../1.1.7/css/site.css differ: byte 31, line 3
[root@rice 1.1.4]#

One Liner Resources